DL5CW ,DL6JF , DL2JRM will be active from Svalbard archipelago 12-19 February 2014 as JW/DL5CW , JW/DL6JF , JW/DL2JRM
They will be active on HF Bands
Activity including entry in ARRL CW Contest
JW/DL5CW via DL5CW
JW/DL6JF via DL6JF
JW/DL2JRM via DL2JRM
Scandinavians may have discovered Svalbard as early as the 12th century. Traditional Norse accounts exist of a land known as Svalbarð—literally "cold shores"—although this may have referred to Jan Mayen, or a part of eastern Greenland. Contemporaneous understanding was that both Svalbard and Greenland were connected to Continental Europe.The archipelago may in that period have been used for fishing and hunting.The Dutchman Willem Barentsz made the first indisputable discovery of Svalbard in 1596, in an attempt to find the Northern Sea Route.In 1604, an English ship landed at Bjørnøya and started hunting walrus; annual expeditions followed.From 1611, Spitsbergen became a base for whaling, where they targeted the bowhead whale. Because of the lawless nature of the area, English, Danish, Dutch, and French companies and authorities tried to use force to keep out other countries' fleets.
Smeerenburg was one of the first settlements, established by the Dutch in 1619.Smaller bases were also built by the English, Danish and French. At first the outposts were merely summer camps, but from the early 1630s, a few individuals started to overwinter. Whaling at Spitsbergen lasted until the 1820s, when the Dutch, British and Danish whalers moved elsewhere in the Arctic.By the late 17th century, Russian hunters arrived; they overwintered to a greater extent and hunted land mammals such as the polar bear and fox.After British ships destroyed most of the Russian fleet in 1812, Russian activity on Svalbard diminished, and became non-existent from the 1820s.Norwegian hunting—mostly for walrus—started in the 1790s, but was abandoned about the same time as the Russians left.Whaling continued around Spitsbergen until the 1830s, and around Bjørnøya until the 1860s.
By the 1890s, Svalbard had become a destination for Arctic tourism, coal deposits had been found and the islands were being used as a base for Arctic exploration.The first mining was done along Isfjorden by Norwegians in 1899; by 1904, British interests had established themselves in Adventfjorden and started the first all-year operations.Production in Longyearbyen commenced by American interests in 1908;and Store Norske established itself in 1916, as did other Norwegian interests during the war, in part by buying American interests.